Shubham Goel, studied at School / Facebook
Indian culture is ruled by three things : peace, love and religion. As a country, India has never invaded a foreign land for 5000 years. It is deeply part of Indian culture that you should mind the others, and never be aggressive. It is actually the first thing that shoked me when I arrived there, how peaceful it made me feel.
Education is the same, families are very close, and parents are being extremely tolerant with their kids. They will still give the guidelines to a good education, they know what is good and what is bad and they teach it to their kids, but I have always seen parents finally backing down to the will of their kids. If the kid wants a new toy, they’ll buy it ; if the kid does not want to finish it’s food, well, that’s ok. If he likes to do this, does not like to do this, his desires will always be fulfilled. In western culture, this would create bad kids and eventually criminals, but in an Indian society so deeply filled with love and family values, it just works fine.
The common point is that Chinese culture also has strong family values, the kids are under their parents rule pretty much from the time they were born to the moment their parent pass away. But the major difference is that Chinese parents are much more strict. Parents make the rules and kids obey. And it is the same in School, teachers have a much stronger authority that they would have in the West, it would be very unusual to contradict a teacher, and learning is mostly made out of repeating.
So what are the consequences, well, I think you saw it coming, Indians are more creative, and generally more open minded than Chinese. I have seen many lower / middle class Indian with amazing knowledge about my own country’s politics for example, whereas I have hardly ever seen that among Chinese. But Chinese are much more focused, they follow the rules, and I feel they have a stronger ability to focus on one particular task and master it perfectly.
Anshu, works at Studying
Chinese education system consists of six years of primary school, three of lower secondary and three of upper secondary. The state mandates every child to attend nine years of school – six years of primary and three of lower secondary. At age 15, they are “empowered” to choose their upper secondary program in either academic or vocational fields.Shanghai model adopts the mission of equipping children with the core skills of learning and curiosity and the ability to disseminate information.
In india there is lack in assessing existing data on learning outcomes.focused and step-by-step system of school education reform, it is indeed possible to aim at a bank of holistic schools in our indian cities. There is a lot need to get improved. Beggning from the syllabus & their area of interest.many students here are compelled to study the stream entirely opposite of their intrest.syllabus needs to be upgraded as indian syllabus is outdated one.
Vinayak Manoji, Civil Service Aspirant/GATE/IES friend, Motivator, IITDian,
At the time of independence in 1947 and liberation in 1949, India and China, respectively, faced the educational problem massive illiteracy. China and India are the two largest higher education systems in the world with a total enrollment of 2.91 crore and 2.67 crore students, respectively. In 1980, the economies of China and India were almost the same in terms of gross domestic product (GDP). India’s GDP per capita was, in fact, slightly higher than that of its much larger eastern neighbour. Then, the Chinese economy grew at an average rate of 10 per cent between 1980 and 2010, leaving India far behind. In fact, Chinese manufacturing sector is presently eight times the size of India’s. In 1982, the literacy rate in China was 64.4 per cent, compared to India’s 37. The average years of schooling in China was far higher than that in India then. In every measure, China was far better than India.
Indian higher education system is highly concentrated at the undergraduate (bachelor’s) degree level. In fact, with 1.98 crore students, it is the largest system in the world in terms of undergraduate enrollment as compared to 1.27 crore in China and 1.04 crore in the U.S. As a proportion of the total student enrollment in higher education, India has nearly 75% of all its students pursuing a bachelor’s degree as compared to 43% for China and half for the U.S.
This concentration at the undergraduate level is quite unique to India not only due to three-year degree in Arts, Science and Commerce, which form more than 85% of all undergraduate enrollments. However, availability of too many bachelor’s degree holders for a smaller economy as compared to China or the U.S., has created a situation of credential inflation, which simply means, devaluation of a degree with time due to oversupply of graduates. This is evident from many unemployed and underemployed college graduates. It also reflects poor quality of education and skills imparted at many institutions. Despite smaller population and size of higher education system as compared to China, India has more than double the number of students at postgraduate level (27 lakhs vs. 12 lakhs).
At the vocational education level, India with young and ambitious population is missing the opportunity of engaging them as a part of the mainstream economic growth through manufacturing. This is where China leaped forward and engaged the masses through low-cost, volume-based manufacturing. However, China did not achieve this by chance; instead it expanded vocational education system to develop a skilled manpower base for manufacturing related activities. China enrolls nearly 96 Lakhs students in vocational education as compared to 40 Lakhs in India.
Abhishek Khanna, Architect
China raised the bar for entry to the teaching profession in the 1990s. All primary school teachers needed a diploma and all teachers in secondary schools had to be degree-holders with professional certification. China was the first forward-thinking district to mandate continuous professional training for its teachers. Every teacher is expected to complete 240 hours of professional development in five years.
As evidenced in China, through a well-thought out, focused and step-by-step system of school education reform, it is indeed possible to aim at a bank of holistic schools in our cities. But for that our schools and the systems which govern them may have to go through a crucible of experimentation and be brave about embracing innovation and partnership.
Harsh Vardhan, studied at Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur
Education system of India and China are different from various aspects:
1.) Chinese people study in their own language (School, College and University level) whereas; Indians are more inclined towards English language.
2.) Infrastructure of various colleges and universities in China are far better than Indian universities, even IITs for that matter.
3.) Chinese government give profound number of scholarship to their students however, Indian government give few scholarships.
4.) Chinese students are more towards practical education, we Indians stick to last year question papers during exam time.
5.) Chinese government didn’t support reservations however, Indian government pay much attention on how to increase caste based reservation to tarnish their image, which in turn decreases the quality of institutions.
6.) Having said that, the interesting part is both Chinese and Indian students wants to go to any English speaking country, preferably USA to fulfill their dreams.
7.) Lastly, China has a bit robust education system than India.
To be very honest, on a scale of 10, India: 7 / 10; China: 9 / 10.
Shashank Rayal, Movie Buff & Author | Entrepreneur | Civil Engineer
I could comment about Education System of China if I done schooling from there. Systems made according to the norms we can’t judge it right or wrong without experiencing it personally.
Talking about Education System of India, so I have not found any fault in that except category wise Quota.
I’m not saying it wrong but it should be in terms of physical disabilities, financial conditions etc. but not in class and categories. Because all takes birth with the same 400 grams brain doesn’t matters if the child is from general category or SC.
Rajveer Singh, studied at Student
For higher studies in india there are limited no of govt. institutions.It is very competetive to get an admission there.after getting admission there are little students who really learn something and give something reproductive.But in china pass in exam and get admission and u have to give some useful project or researce to get promoted.sothe quality of their students are better.our students are just with a degree,not any innovative idea.
Ruddy Raar, Article at At CA Firm (2012-present)
Difference is lot. They spend less on education and much on defence whereas India spend little part of funds in education.
They have better infrastructre and better use of technology.
Whereas we face lack of infrastructer and no use of technology.
In many ways we are lacking behind.. We are overcoming from it.
Ranjit Bhanarkar, works at Visvesvaraya National Institute of Technology,Nagpur
There is difference between education system beetn india and China.. in china they have education in there own language.but not in india.so indian people have to learn a english language.
Stark Shaw, works at National University of Ireland, Maynooth
In different duration (primary school, secondary school, high school, etc) it has different phenomenon, but still under one institution.
English education and 3rd language education starts from 1st year of primary school. (This is what I heard for 2 years ago, it might be changed regarding to the English is not necessary on the university entrance exam)
Tough mathematics education, and extremely tough in the high school. Regardless other subjects, especially arts subjects’ importances.
Aiming to build each person exactly same like an assembly line, ignored personalities and special characteristics. Brainwash politics education (a.k.a. moral education) to let students join Young Pioneers (primary school stage), Communist Youth League (late secondary school, and high school) and Communist Party (university or other higher education).
Army-like arrangement in a great number of fundamental schools and most higher education institutes. Students have to run and sign up on the morning, etc.
Less concentration on scholarly research at the start stage of most university. In the 1st year most subjects are regarding to Marx theory and communism. No researching atmosphere and attitude for most students in most universities.
Chinese education, I think, is distinct to most countries. To me, Ireland primary schools (scoil) are focused on interpersonal communication rather than loads of mathematical knowledge. More about human, and play. In 6-year secondary school (coláiste, college) the student will receive some science and mathematical knowledges, but still not too difficult. In university stage (ollscoil) they will receive the in-field knowledge of their interesting point. At this stage they will study some real difficult knowledge. And normally there are some entrepreneurship helping centers in university to assistant student who attempt to build a small business, which is really practical and useful to some majors.
Mark Fudemberg, Ms Education, Avila University (2001)
I am not sure if the question refers to public schools, international of which there are several types, language schools, or test prep. I, for instance, teach in an international school with mostly Chinese students, although several attended some primary in the US and Austalia. All plan on uni in America, and this year’s seniors have all been accepted to American unis. I have taught part time at a language school and that is a far different experience . A friend and former colleague teaches in the international program at Beijing # 80 one of the best public schools in Beijing, but his students will stay in China.
So, if you have a specific type of Chinese school in mind, reask your question. In a country as populas and diverse as China broad generalization often obscure more than illuminate.
Robert Free, lived in China
I have hired and interviewed many Chinese. I would say that the results at high school level are very good. The results of a university degree are not very good. Even graduates of famous Chinese universities were poor performers at their chosen field.
One of my best staff is from shenyang. She had Chinese schooling and and Australian university degree. That’s a powerful combination since before university, math and science skills of Chinese seem better than Australia, in my subjective experience.
Naveen K Sharma, Works at Henkel (2017-present)
Thanks Kelly for A2A.
Indian education system is very competitive because there are only a few highly reputed institutes in India.
There 1000’s of thousands of student vying for some selected 30–50 k seats in top medical and engineering institutions in addition to basic science, law and arts institutions.
But as you can see from the sheer number that not everybody will make the cut into the prestigious institutions, other Indian institutes are juggling with one or more of the below difficulties:
Number of good quality schools and colleges are limited
Student-teacher ratio is poor
Lack of amenities
Lack of funds for research
Outdated course structure
Lack of internship/practical opportunities
Job of a teacher or professor is not demanding
No international exposure
Coaching/tuition centers which only wealthy can afford
Students focus on money than anything else after education
Pressure on student to perform best to get into top medical and engineering institutes
It is believed that as Indian government does not spend a significant share of its GDP on education like other developed countries, therefore we have most of the problems. Moreover, there is no concrete plan to modernize the course structure.
As we have only a few national technical and medical institutes which impart world class education to its students, there is cut-throat cutting competition which promotes to rat race.
Still, there are some excellent points about Indian education system:
Education is affordable
Competition makes student strong enough to be always thirsty for knowledge
Institutes such as IITs/IIMs/IISc and many private institutes are world class in imparting education (but the number of intakes is less as I mentioned)
Indian Governments initiatives such as National Programme on Technology Enhanced Learning (NPTEL ) and other online courses for free from IITs and other top institutes
Skill India initiatives
Establishment of center of excellence (COE) in engineering institutes to provide practical exposure
This explanation is based on my experience as an engineering student. Opinions may differ on few points.
Education system of India is amazing. It believes to rectify, nourish and attack direct to the root. And that’s why we have produced a lot of scientists, doctors and engineers. Our education system is very strict and profound in its ways of teaching young children to become proper adults. Yet there is always something to improve everywhere as well as in our educational system like
Too much Nationalism is Taught
Promotion of Rat Race
Students are encouraged to become workers
Analysis part is not emphasized
Teachers are not efficient
Market/Society/Ground related information is not given
Creativity and Innovation is missing